SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a serious disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.

Contrary to public perception, schizophrenia is not split personality or multiple personality. The vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others. Schizophrenia is not caused by childhood experiences, poor parenting or lack of willpower, nor is the symptoms identical for each person.

What causes schizophrenia?

The cause of schizophrenia is still unclear. Some theories about the cause of this disease include: genetics (heredity), biology (the imbalance in the brain's chemistry); and/or possible viral infections and immune disorders.

No cure for schizophrenia has been discovered, but with proper treatment, many people with this illness can lead productive and fulfilling lives.

What treatments are available for schizophrenia?

If you suspect someone you know is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, encourage them top see a medical or mental health professional immediately. Early treatment - even as early as the first episode - can mean a better long-term outcome.

Fact Sheets

Schizoaffective Disorder